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Asperger's

Asperger's syndrome is one of the autism spectrum disorders, and is classified as a developmental disorder that affects how the brain processes information. People with Asperger's syndrome have a wide range of strengths, weaknesses, skills and difficulties.

Common characteristics include difficulty in forming friendships, communication difficulties (such as a tendency to take things literally), and an inability to understand social rules and body language.

More males than females are diagnosed with Asperger's syndrome. While every person who has the syndrome will experience different symptoms and severity of symptoms, some of the more common characteristics include:

Average or above-average intelligence

Difficulties with high-level language skills such as verbal reasoning, problem solving, making inferences and predictions

Difficulties in empathising with others

Problems with understanding another person’s point of view

Difficulties engaging in social routines such as conversations and‘small talk’

Problems with controlling feelings such as anger, depression and anxiety

A preference for routines and schedules which can result in stress or anxiety if a routine is disrupted

Specialised fields of interest or hobbies.

A person with Asperger's syndrome may have trouble understanding the emotions of other people, and the subtle messages sent by facial expression, eye contact and body language are often missed or misinterpreted. Because of this, people with Asperger's syndrome might be mistakenly perceived as being egotistical, selfish or uncaring.

These are unfair labels because the person concerned is neurologically unable to understand other people’s emotional states.

People with Asperger's syndrome are usually shocked, upset and remorseful when told their actions were hurtful or inappropriate.

Characteristics of People with Asperger's

Cognitive Characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome:

Susceptibility to distraction
Difficulty in expressing emotions
Resistance to or failure to respond to talk therapy
Mental shutdown response to conflicting demands and multi-tasking
Generalized confusion during periods of stress
Low understanding of the reciprocal rules of conversation: interrupting, dominating, minimum participation, difficult in shifting topics, problem with initiating or terminating conversation, subject perseveration
Insensitivity to the non-verbal cues of others (stance, posture, facial expressions)
Perseveration best characterized by the term “bulldog tenacity”
Literal interpretation of instructions (failure to read between the lines)
Interpreting words and phrases literally (problem with colloquialisms, cliches, neologism, turns of phrase, common humorous expressions)
Preference for visually oriented instruction and training
Dependence on step-by-step learning procedures (disorientation occurs when a step is assumed, deleted, or otherwise overlooked in instruction)
Difficulty in generalizing
Preference for repetitive, often simple routines
Difficulty in understanding rules for games of social entertainment
Missing or misconstruing others’ agendas, priorities, preferences
Impulsiveness
Compelling need to finish one task completely before starting another
Rigid adherence to rules and routines
Difficulty in interpreting meaning to others’ activities; difficulty in drawing relationships between an activity or event and ideas
Exquisite attention to detail, principally visual, or details which can be visualized (”Thinking in Pictures”) or cognitive details (often those learned by rote)
Concrete thinking
Distractibility due to focus on external or internal sensations, thoughts, and/or sensory input (appearing to be in a world of one’s own or day-dreaming)
Difficulty in assessing relative importance of details (an aspect o the trees/forest problem)
Poor judgment of when a task is finished (often attributable to perfectionism or an apparent unwillingness to follow differential standards for quality)
Difficulty in imagining others’ thoughts in a similar or identical event or circumstance that are different from one’s own (”Theory of Mind” issues)
Difficulty with organizing and sequencing (planning and execution; successful performance of tasks in a logical, functional order)
Difficulty in assessing cause and effect relationships (behaviors and consequences)
An apparent lack of “common sense”
Relaxation techniques and developing recreational “release” interest may require formal instruction
Rage, tantrum, shutdown, self-isolating reactions appearing “out of nowhere”
Substantial hidden self-anger, anger towards others, and resentment
Difficulty in estimating time to complete tasks
Difficulty in learning self-monitoring techniques
Disinclination to produce expected results in an orthodox manner
Psychometric testing shows great deviance between verbal and performance results
Extreme reaction to changes in routine, surroundings, people
Stilted, pedantic conversational style (”The Professor”)

Social Characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome:

Difficulty in accepting criticism or correction
Difficulty in offering correction or criticism without appearing harsh, pedantic or insensitive
Difficulty in perceiving and applying unwritten social rules or protocols
“Immature” manners
Failure to distinguish between private and public personal care habits: i.e., brushing, public attention to skin problems, nose picking, teeth picking, ear canal cleaning, clothing arrangement
Lack of?trust in others
Shyness
Low or no conversational participation in group meetings or conferences
Constant anxiety about performance and acceptance, despite recognition and commendation
Scrupulous honesty, often expressed in an apparently disarming or inappropriate manner or setting
Bluntness in emotional expression
“Flat affect”
Discomfort manipulating or “playing games” with others
Unmodulated reaction in being manipulated, patronized, or “handled” by others
Low to medium level of paranoia
Low to no apparent sense of humor; bizarre sense of humor (often stemming from a “private” internal thread of humor being inserted in public conversation without preparation or warming others up to the reason for the “punchline”)
Difficulty with reciprocal displays of pleasantries and greetings
Problems expressing empathy or comfort to/with others: sadness, condolence, congratulations, etc.
Pouting,, ruminating, fixating on bad experiences with people or events for an inordinate length of time
Difficulty with adopting a social mask to obscure real feelings, moods, reactions
Using social masks inappropriately (you are “xv” while everyone else is ????)
Abrupt and strong expression of likes and dislikes
Rigid adherence to rules and social conventions where flexibility is desirable
Apparent absence of relaxation, recreational, or “time out” activities
“Serious” all the time
Known for single-mindedness
Flash temper
Tantrums
Excessive talk
Difficulty in forming friendships and intimate relationships; difficulty in distinguishing between acquaintance and friendship
Social isolation and intense concern for privacy
Limited clothing preference; discomfort with formal attire or uniforms
Preference for bland or bare environments in living arrangements
Difficulty judging others’ personal space
Limited by intensely pursued interests
Often perceived as “being in their own world”

Work Characteristics of Asperger’s Syndrome:

Many of the manifestations found in the categories above can immediately translate into work behaviors or preferences. Here are some additional ones:
Difficulty with “teamwork”
Deliberate withholding of peak performance due to belief that one’s best efforts may remain unrecognized, unrewarded, or appropriated by others
Intense pride in expertise or performance, often perceived by others as “flouting behavior”
Sarcasm, negativism, criticism
Difficulty in accepting compliments, often responding with quizzical or self-deprecatory language
Tendency to “lose it” during sensory overload, multitask demands, or when contradictory and confusing priorities have been set
Difficult in starting project
Discomfort with competition, out of scale reactions to losing
Low motivation to perform tasks of no immediate personal interest
Oversight or forgetting of tasks without formal reminders such as lists or schedules
Great concern about order and appearance of personal work area
Slow performance
Perfectionism
Difficult with unstructured time
Reluctance to ask for help or seek comfort
Excessive questions
Low sensitivity to risks in the environment to self and/or others
Difficulty with writing and reports
Reliance on internal speech process to “talk” oneself through a task or procedure
Stress, frustration and anger reaction to interruptions
Difficulty in negotiating either in conflict situations or as a self-advocate
Ver low level of assertiveness
Reluctance to accept positions of authority or supervision
Strong desire to coach or mentor newcomers
Difficulty in handling relationships with authority figures
Often viewed as vulnerable or less able to resist harassment and badgering by others
Punctual and conscientious
Avoids socializing, “hanging out,” or small talk on and off the job

Physical Manifestations of Asperger’s Syndrome:

Strong sensory sensitivities: touch and tactile sensations, sounds, lighting and colors, odors, taste
Clumsiness
Balance difficulties
Difficulty in judging distances, height, depth
Difficulty in recognizing others’ faces (prosopagnosia)
Stims (self-stimulatory behavior serving to reduce anxiety, stress, or to express pleasure)
Self-injurious or disfiguring behaviors
Nail-biting
Unusual gait, stance, posture
Gross or fine motor coordination problems
Low apparent sexual interest
Depression
Anxiety
Sleep difficulties
Verbosity
Difficulty expressing anger (excessive or “bottled up”)
Flat or monotone vocal expression; limited range of inflection
Difficulty with initiating or maintaining eye contact
Elevated voice volume during periods of stress and frustration
Strong food preferences and aversions
Unusual and rigidly adhered to eating behaviors

50 Positive Characteristics of People with Asperger's

1. are able to easily forgive others

2. are conscientious, reliable, and honest

3. are enthusiastic and have a propensity for obsessive research, thus developing a broad and deep base of knowledge in subjects of interest

4. are free of prejudice

5. are intelligent and talented

6. are less inclined to be fickle or bitchy than their neurotypical counterparts

7. are more likely than those of the general population to pursue a university education

8. are not inclined to lie to others

9. are not inclined to steal from others

10. are not likely to be bullies, con artists, or social manipulators

11. are not motivated by an intense social drive to spend time with whoever happens to be available

12. are persistent, and when they set their minds to something or make a promise, they can usually be trusted to follow through

13. are unlikely to launch unprovoked attacks, verbal or otherwise

14. are untainted by the judgments that people often make regarding one another's social position or social skills

15. are very accepting of the quirks and idiosyncrasies of others

16. bring a highly original perspective to problem solving

17. can be selective, choosing honest, genuine, dependable people who share their interests

18. can bring up a variety of interesting facts

19. can listen to people’s problems and provide a fresh perspective, offering pure assessments based on the information provided

20. can recall fine details that others miss

21. can relax and be themselves without fearing social censure

22. don’t attack the reputations of those around them

23. don’t discriminate against anyone based on race, gender, age, or any other surface criteria

24. don’t force others to live up to demanding social expectations

25. don't have hidden agendas

26. don’t play head games

27. don’t take advantage of other’s weaknesses

28. don't usually recognize hierarchies, and so are unlikely to give someone superior status simply because that person is wealthy or has attained a high position in an organization

29. have a good work ethic

30. have a lot of passion when engaging in activities they like, which may translate into a talent for certain athletic pursuits

31. have a tendency to adhere to routines

32. have above-average intelligence

33. have an acute sensitivity that supports creative talents

34. have exceptional memories

35. have extreme endurance

36. have high integrity

37. have no interest in harming others

38. have one or more highly developed talents

39. have talents for swimming, rowing, running, bodybuilding, or other activities that require sustained physical effort

40. have values that aren't shaped by financial, social, or political influences

41. judge people based on their behavior – not the color of their skin or socioeconomic status

42. like to spend time alone and are perfectly capable of entertaining themselves

43. loathe small talk and trivialities, preferring instead to talk about significant things that will enhance their knowledge base

44. make very good employees if able to control their pace and work within either a solitary or socially supportive environment

45. pay attention to detail

46. stick to their positions, even in the face of intense social pressure

47. tend to become proficient in the technological media required for lucrative employment in the “information age”

48. tend to prefer individual sports to team sports, as there are no social demands and they can exercise complete control over the activity

49. who develop an interest in sport or fitness are likely to work at it every day, often for long periods of time

50. will not go along with the crowd if they know that something is wrong

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randallstuartpeik

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United States

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Astroandre Featured By Owner Jul 15, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
:+fav: Cheers!
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Heurchon Featured By Owner Jul 14, 2014
Thanks a lot for the :+fav: :-)
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DamaInNero Featured By Owner Jul 13, 2014
Thank you so much for the :+fav:
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ingeline-art Featured By Owner Jul 11, 2014   Traditional Artist
Thanks so much for faving -
that means so much for me!
Ingeline-art cologne;-)))rose Ribbon 01 rose
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leothefox Featured By Owner Jul 1, 2014   Artist
Rolling La Thanks for the support, my friend!
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randallstuartpeik Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2014
Thank you and thanks for the watch.
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Titaniasworld Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2014   Traditional Artist
Wonderful site!
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hubert61 Featured By Owner May 6, 2014
merci pour les favs :)
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toledoarauxo Featured By Owner May 4, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Hello, my dear. Thanks you so much for all the favs and comments to my little works.  I love your fantasy world and your art. Kiss.
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leothefox Featured By Owner Apr 24, 2014   Artist
:hug: Thanks for faving my journal!
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Hermetic-Wings Featured By Owner Apr 21, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks for your support :D
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KanchanCollage Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2014   Traditional Artist
Sure, anytime! I’ll share my sources whenever I think of it from now on.
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randallstuartpeik Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2014
Oh , thank you  Kanchan.  This blog is great.  I have just recently discovered Frederick Sandys and seems he came from a whole family of painters.  
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KanchanCollage Featured By Owner Apr 18, 2014   Traditional Artist
You might enjoy this blog that I follow: preraphaelitepaintings.blogspo…
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rambleonrob Featured By Owner Apr 13, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
you re welcome:) (Smile) 
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randallstuartpeik Featured By Owner Apr 9, 2014
and you also.   
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Barnum60 Featured By Owner Apr 9, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
:iconlefthumbsupplz:  Thanks a lot for faving!
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homunculus888 Featured By Owner Mar 21, 2014  Hobbyist General Artist
Thank you very much for the fave! :D
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D1onor Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014   Artist
Randell, your work feels very mystical to me & I love it! I want to see more of your dynamic color! Thanks for your work!
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MaximSellevellor Featured By Owner Mar 14, 2014  Hobbyist Photographer
Thanks! deviantART Please watch other photos Sherlock Holmes
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hubert61 Featured By Owner Feb 9, 2014
merci pour les favs :)
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Thank you for the +fav Heart 
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calimer00 Featured By Owner Feb 8, 2014
Thanks a lot for the favs!
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mertonparrish Featured By Owner Feb 3, 2014
Some of your new black and white pieces remind me a little of Monty Python's Flying Circus (which I love).

"And now for something completely different!"
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etsap Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2014  Hobbyist
:bow::bow::bow::bow:
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